Building entry 'Template Tweeking' failed: Parse error in template 'Individual Entry Archive': Mad Mikey's Blog
Another MuNu Blog

Groups and Such

Put Groups and such that you belong to here

MuNuviana

Licensing

Powered By

Powered by
Movable Type 2.64

October 12, 2005

230 Years Old & Still Kicking Butt

The birth of the world's greatest navy:

The Birth of the Navy of the United States

On Friday, October 13, 1775, meeting in Philadelphia, the Continental Congress voted to fit out two sailing vessels, armed with ten carriage guns, as well as swivel guns, and manned by crews of eighty, and to send them out on a cruise of three months to intercept transports carrying munitions and stores to the British army in America. This was the original legislation out of which the Continental Navy grew and as such constitutes the birth certificate of the navy.

To understand the momentous significance of the decision to send two armed vessels to sea under the authority of the Continental Congress, we need to review the strategic situation in which it was made and to consider the political struggle that lay behind it.

Americans first took up arms in the spring of 1775 not to sever their relationship with the king, but to defend their rights within the British Empire. By the autumn of 1775, the British North American colonies from Maine to Georgia were in open rebellion. Royal governments had been thrust out of many colonial capitals and revolutionary governments put in their places. The Continental Congress had assumed some of the responsibilities of a central government for the colonies, created a Continental Army, issued paper money for the support of the troops, and formed a committee to negotiate with foreign countries. Continental forces captured Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain and launched an invasion of Canada.

In October 1775 the British held superiority at sea, from which they threatened to stop up the colonies' trade and to wreak destruction on seaside settlements. In response a few of the states had commissioned small fleets of their own for defense of local waters. Congress had not yet authorized privateering. Some in Congress worried about pushing the armed struggle too far, hoping that reconciliation with the mother country was still possible.

Yet, a small coterie of men in Congress had been advocating a Continental Navy from the outset of armed hostilities. Foremost among these men was John Adams, of Massachusetts. For months, he and a few others had been agitating in Congress for the establishment of an American fleet. They argued that a fleet would defend the seacoast towns, protect vital trade, retaliate against British raiders, and make it possible to seek out among neutral nations of the world the arms and stores that would make resistance possible.

Still, the establishment of a navy seemed too bold a move for some of the timid men in Congress. Some southerners agreed that a fleet would protect and secure the trade of New England but denied that it would that of the southern colonies. Most of the delegates did not consider the break with England as final and feared that a navy implied sovereignty and independence. Others thought a navy a hasty and foolish challenge to the mightiest fleet the world had seen. The most the pro-navy men could do was to get Congress to urge each colony to fit out armed vessels for the protection of their coasts and harbors.

Then, on 3 October, Rhode Island's delegates laid before Congress a bold resolution for the building and equipping of an American fleet, as soon as possible. When the motion came to the floor for debate, Samuel Chase, of Maryland, attacked it, saying it was "the maddest Idea in the World to think of building an American Fleet." Even pro-navy members found the proposal too vague. It lacked specifics and no one could tell how much it would cost.

If Congress was yet unwilling to embrace the idea of establishing a navy as a permanent measure, it could be tempted by short-term opportunities. Fortuitously, on 5 October, Congress received intelligence of two English brigs, unarmed and without convoy, laden with munitions, leaving England bound for Quebec. Congress immediately appointed a committee to consider how to take advantage of this opportunity. Its members were all New Englanders and all ardent supporters of a navy. They recommended first that the governments of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut be asked to dispatch armed vessels to lay in wait to intercept the munitions ships; next they outlined a plan for the equipping by Congress of two armed vessels to cruise to the eastward to intercept any ships bearing supplies to the British army. Congress let this plan lie on the table until 13 October, when another fortuitous event occurred in favor of the naval movement. A letter from General Washington was read in Congress in which he reported that he had taken under his command, at Continental expense, three schooners to cruise off Massachusetts to intercept enemy supply ships. The commander in chief had preempted members of Congress reluctant to take the first step of fitting out warships under Continental authority. Since they already had armed vessels cruising in their name, it was not such a big step to approve two more. The committee's proposal, now appearing eminently reasonable to the reluctant members, was adopted.

The Continental Navy grew into an important force. Within a few days, Congress established a Naval Committee charged with equipping a fleet. This committee directed the purchasing, outfitting, manning, and operations of the first ships of the new navy, drafted subsequent naval legislation, and prepared rules and regulations to govern the Continental Navy's conduct and internal administration.

Over the course of the War of Independence, the Continental Navy sent to sea more than fifty armed vessels of various types. The navy's squadrons and cruisers seized enemy supplies and carried correspondence and diplomats to Europe, returning with needed munitions. They took nearly 200 British vessels as prizes, some off the British Isles themselves, contributing to the demoralization of the enemy and forcing the British to divert warships to protect convoys and trade routes. In addition, the navy provoked diplomatic crises that helped bring France into the war against Great Britain. The Continental Navy began the proud tradition carried on today by our United States Navy, and whose birthday we celebrate each year in October.

Boo-Freakin-YAH!

230 years of Honor, Courage, and Commitment and we're still standing tall to defend the United States of America.


|| , 12:15 PM || Permalink || Comments (0) || Add your comment || TrackBacks (1) ||

Trackback Information for 230 Years Old & Still Kicking Butt

TrackBack URL for this entry: http://blog2.mu.nu/cgi/trackback.cgi/121532
Listed below are links to weblogs that reference '230 Years Old & Still Kicking Butt'.

Left & Right links with: Happy 230th!, on October 13, 2005, 07:52 AM
Excerpt: More at Mad Mikey's Blog and a favorite Navy photo of mine in the extended entry...

Comments on 230 Years Old & Still Kicking Butt

Administrative Stuff

Put administrative stuff like how to email you, comment policies, RSS feeds, etc. here.

Search This Site


About Me

Whatever you want to say about you. I link my first post, and a couple of other posts that are about me here.

Recent Entries

Still Here!!
New Moon Tonight
Creaping Time
Govt Healthcare PSA
Little Willy?

Recent Comments

Blogroll

Put your blogroll here

Web Links

Put links to non-blogger stuff here

Counters and stuff

Total Entries: 1159
Total Comments: 3761
Comments/Entry: 3.25
Put your counter here
Get Firefox!

Archives

February 07, 2010 - February 13, 2010
November 15, 2009 - November 21, 2009
October 18, 2009 - October 24, 2009
October 11, 2009 - October 17, 2009
October 04, 2009 - October 10, 2009
September 27, 2009 - October 03, 2009
August 23, 2009 - August 29, 2009
July 26, 2009 - August 01, 2009
June 07, 2009 - June 13, 2009
May 10, 2009 - May 16, 2009
May 03, 2009 - May 09, 2009
April 26, 2009 - May 02, 2009
April 12, 2009 - April 18, 2009
March 29, 2009 - April 04, 2009
March 22, 2009 - March 28, 2009
February 08, 2009 - February 14, 2009
January 11, 2009 - January 17, 2009
November 02, 2008 - November 08, 2008
September 28, 2008 - October 04, 2008
September 14, 2008 - September 20, 2008
September 07, 2008 - September 13, 2008
August 17, 2008 - August 23, 2008
August 10, 2008 - August 16, 2008
July 13, 2008 - July 19, 2008
June 22, 2008 - June 28, 2008
June 08, 2008 - June 14, 2008
June 01, 2008 - June 07, 2008
May 11, 2008 - May 17, 2008
March 30, 2008 - April 05, 2008
March 23, 2008 - March 29, 2008
March 16, 2008 - March 22, 2008
March 09, 2008 - March 15, 2008
February 17, 2008 - February 23, 2008
February 10, 2008 - February 16, 2008
February 03, 2008 - February 09, 2008
January 27, 2008 - February 02, 2008
January 20, 2008 - January 26, 2008
January 13, 2008 - January 19, 2008
December 30, 2007 - January 05, 2008
December 23, 2007 - December 29, 2007
December 16, 2007 - December 22, 2007
December 09, 2007 - December 15, 2007
December 02, 2007 - December 08, 2007
November 18, 2007 - November 24, 2007
November 11, 2007 - November 17, 2007
October 21, 2007 - October 27, 2007
October 07, 2007 - October 13, 2007
September 30, 2007 - October 06, 2007
September 23, 2007 - September 29, 2007
September 16, 2007 - September 22, 2007
September 09, 2007 - September 15, 2007
September 02, 2007 - September 08, 2007
August 26, 2007 - September 01, 2007
August 19, 2007 - August 25, 2007
August 12, 2007 - August 18, 2007
August 05, 2007 - August 11, 2007
July 29, 2007 - August 04, 2007
July 22, 2007 - July 28, 2007
July 08, 2007 - July 14, 2007
July 01, 2007 - July 07, 2007
June 24, 2007 - June 30, 2007
June 10, 2007 - June 16, 2007
June 03, 2007 - June 09, 2007
May 27, 2007 - June 02, 2007
May 20, 2007 - May 26, 2007
May 13, 2007 - May 19, 2007
May 06, 2007 - May 12, 2007
April 29, 2007 - May 05, 2007
April 22, 2007 - April 28, 2007
April 15, 2007 - April 21, 2007
April 08, 2007 - April 14, 2007
April 01, 2007 - April 07, 2007
March 25, 2007 - March 31, 2007
March 18, 2007 - March 24, 2007
March 04, 2007 - March 10, 2007
February 18, 2007 - February 24, 2007
February 04, 2007 - February 10, 2007
January 28, 2007 - February 03, 2007
January 21, 2007 - January 27, 2007
January 14, 2007 - January 20, 2007
January 07, 2007 - January 13, 2007
December 31, 2006 - January 06, 2007
December 17, 2006 - December 23, 2006
December 10, 2006 - December 16, 2006
November 26, 2006 - December 02, 2006
November 19, 2006 - November 25, 2006
November 05, 2006 - November 11, 2006
October 29, 2006 - November 04, 2006
October 22, 2006 - October 28, 2006
October 15, 2006 - October 21, 2006
October 08, 2006 - October 14, 2006
October 01, 2006 - October 07, 2006
September 24, 2006 - September 30, 2006
September 03, 2006 - September 09, 2006
August 27, 2006 - September 02, 2006
August 20, 2006 - August 26, 2006
August 13, 2006 - August 19, 2006
August 06, 2006 - August 12, 2006
July 30, 2006 - August 05, 2006
July 23, 2006 - July 29, 2006
July 16, 2006 - July 22, 2006
July 09, 2006 - July 15, 2006
July 02, 2006 - July 08, 2006
June 25, 2006 - July 01, 2006
June 18, 2006 - June 24, 2006
June 11, 2006 - June 17, 2006
June 04, 2006 - June 10, 2006
May 28, 2006 - June 03, 2006
May 21, 2006 - May 27, 2006
May 14, 2006 - May 20, 2006
May 07, 2006 - May 13, 2006
April 30, 2006 - May 06, 2006
April 23, 2006 - April 29, 2006
April 16, 2006 - April 22, 2006
April 09, 2006 - April 15, 2006
April 02, 2006 - April 08, 2006
March 26, 2006 - April 01, 2006
March 19, 2006 - March 25, 2006
March 12, 2006 - March 18, 2006
March 05, 2006 - March 11, 2006
February 26, 2006 - March 04, 2006
February 19, 2006 - February 25, 2006
February 12, 2006 - February 18, 2006
February 05, 2006 - February 11, 2006
January 29, 2006 - February 04, 2006
January 22, 2006 - January 28, 2006
January 15, 2006 - January 21, 2006
January 08, 2006 - January 14, 2006
January 01, 2006 - January 07, 2006
December 25, 2005 - December 31, 2005
December 18, 2005 - December 24, 2005
December 11, 2005 - December 17, 2005
December 04, 2005 - December 10, 2005
November 27, 2005 - December 03, 2005
November 20, 2005 - November 26, 2005
November 13, 2005 - November 19, 2005
November 06, 2005 - November 12, 2005
October 30, 2005 - November 05, 2005
October 23, 2005 - October 29, 2005
October 16, 2005 - October 22, 2005
October 09, 2005 - October 15, 2005
October 02, 2005 - October 08, 2005
September 25, 2005 - October 01, 2005
September 18, 2005 - September 24, 2005
September 11, 2005 - September 17, 2005
September 04, 2005 - September 10, 2005
August 28, 2005 - September 03, 2005
August 21, 2005 - August 27, 2005
August 14, 2005 - August 20, 2005
August 07, 2005 - August 13, 2005
July 31, 2005 - August 06, 2005
July 24, 2005 - July 30, 2005
July 17, 2005 - July 23, 2005
July 10, 2005 - July 16, 2005
July 03, 2005 - July 09, 2005
June 26, 2005 - July 02, 2005
June 19, 2005 - June 25, 2005
June 12, 2005 - June 18, 2005
June 05, 2005 - June 11, 2005
May 29, 2005 - June 04, 2005
May 22, 2005 - May 28, 2005
May 15, 2005 - May 21, 2005
May 08, 2005 - May 14, 2005
May 01, 2005 - May 07, 2005
April 24, 2005 - April 30, 2005
April 17, 2005 - April 23, 2005
April 10, 2005 - April 16, 2005
April 03, 2005 - April 09, 2005
March 27, 2005 - April 02, 2005
March 20, 2005 - March 26, 2005
March 13, 2005 - March 19, 2005
March 06, 2005 - March 12, 2005
February 27, 2005 - March 05, 2005
February 20, 2005 - February 26, 2005
February 13, 2005 - February 19, 2005
February 06, 2005 - February 12, 2005
January 30, 2005 - February 05, 2005
January 23, 2005 - January 29, 2005
January 16, 2005 - January 22, 2005
January 09, 2005 - January 15, 2005
January 02, 2005 - January 08, 2005
December 26, 2004 - January 01, 2005
December 19, 2004 - December 25, 2004
December 12, 2004 - December 18, 2004
December 05, 2004 - December 11, 2004
November 28, 2004 - December 04, 2004
November 21, 2004 - November 27, 2004
November 14, 2004 - November 20, 2004
November 07, 2004 - November 13, 2004
October 31, 2004 - November 06, 2004
October 24, 2004 - October 30, 2004
October 17, 2004 - October 23, 2004
October 10, 2004 - October 16, 2004
October 03, 2004 - October 09, 2004
September 26, 2004 - October 02, 2004
September 19, 2004 - September 25, 2004
September 12, 2004 - September 18, 2004
September 05, 2004 - September 11, 2004
August 29, 2004 - September 04, 2004
August 22, 2004 - August 28, 2004
August 15, 2004 - August 21, 2004
August 08, 2004 - August 14, 2004
August 01, 2004 - August 07, 2004
July 25, 2004 - July 31, 2004
July 18, 2004 - July 24, 2004
July 11, 2004 - July 17, 2004